We may not be a self-obsessed generation, but we definitely are a ‘selfie-obsessed’ one. Let’s face it; we make our plates presentable only for Instagram, and ourselves presentable for 10 seconds of Snapchat. Obviously, for most of us our prized possession would definitely be our cameras. With modern times and evolved minds, photography has also become a full-fledged career option. Seeing, the ever-increasing demand for cameras, the tech market confers to everyone’s needs; with cameras ranging from Rs. 5000 to over a lakh, there is something available for every photographer out there.
Mostly measured in MegaPixels, don’t judge a camera by its resolution alone. Majority of the cameras today give fantastic resolution quality with some DSLR cameras giving you a 1920 pixel resolution. Here a point of caution – don’t be fooled by cheap cameras which promise a high resolution because although they work well initially, as the memory gets loaded, the camera finds it difficult to process photos quickly which may often lead to the camera slowing down.
For personal videos while on vacation, or family occasions, you’d definitely want a minimum 1080p resolution which means you must opt for a camera with 30fps(frames per second). Many recent cameras also offer 60fps, however these make (quite literally) every object visible and are worth it only if you plan on taking slow motion videos. Also make sure your camera has an inbuilt microphone to record good quality sound as it takes a video.
Lenses and Frames
Nope, we aren’t talking about spectacles here! We are still on the topic of cameras. While 20th century cameras used only Viewfinder to display your precisely clicked pictures, 21st century cameras like the DSLR now use a single lens to give you crystal clear photos. The frame rate of a camera is the number of unique consecutive images (professionally called ‘frames’) a camera can produce per second.
Now that you know what all to look for in the camera, you’d surely want to know how each camera differs from the other. Read on:
‘Point and Shoot’ Digital Cameras
For those of you who want a camera just to capture your favourite moments and make memories that last a lifetime, this is the one you should go for. The low-end range cameras are more like disposable ones, although they can be reloaded. A typical digicam would give you a 16MP view and a zoom lens of upto 5x. The latest ones have a super-zoom of upto 30x. So whether your loved ones are right next to you or as far as on top of a hill, digital cameras make capturing these lovely moments a whole lot easier. Brands like Nikon offer a wide array of bright colours to choose from! Unfortunately, sales of digicams have reduced since 2010, after the growth of camera phones.
(Price varies, depending on the price of the phone)
What started with a basic VGA low quality camera has evolved over the years into cameras that give upto 16MP. Giving a digital camera tough competition, phone cameras can be a practical choice too. Most people would prefer them since they are portable, well worth the money and convenient to use. Smartphones are also equipped with good storage space, an SD card, USB, wifi and Bluetooth transfer making it easy to back up your photos on all devices at once. Latest smartphones also offer primary as well as secondary cameras so that you can enjoy video chatting with your loved ones. Nevertheless, it lacks a physical shutter and has a long shutter speed. A phone camera is best suited for Snapchat, Facebook and Instagram uploads.
DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) Camera
These cameras use a single lens, which reflects the photo on a mirror, which further displays it on the image sensor. Most DSLRs feature interchangeable lens and a brilliant Auto Focus HD video capture. Some like the Nikon D3100 let you enhance your photography with a 3D feature. They also have high frame rates upto 60p and work best for shooting sports, wildlife and vehicles zooming past.
This is an excellent option for amateur photographers.
With an inbuilt microphone, which works well for shooting videos, the camcorder is an exceptional choice for all occasions. In the past, camcorders came with tapes for recording, but with digital recording being the in-thing, tapes have been replaced with internal storage memory and SD cards. This also makes photo transfer more convenient. Like a DSLR, New-gen camcorders not only support 3D photos but also let you capture moments in 4x zoom, Ultra HD.
Not used very often, action cameras serve well for sports events and photos clicked in quick motion. Although some may suffer from low resolution, they have a frame rate of f/32, letting you shoot with excellent clarity. A few cameras like the Eo Sports Action Full Hd 1080p Dv Camera, give you high resolution upto 1080pixels and can shoot as far as 20 meters.
An impeccable choice for photo enthusiasts, although a professional camera costs a fortune, you can’t go wrong with it if you are already a photographer, or plan on being one. All-inclusive HD recording, auto-focus, 3D tracking, upto 39 MP display and OLED Viewfinder, a professional camera has everything and more than you can ask for!
Of course, after a great deal of research you obviously want some add-ons at a good bargain. Here are the extras you should look for while buying a camera:
- SD card
- Selfie stick
- USB charger
- Interchangeable lens
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